Amidst the call from many parties that concern about environment and forest management in Indonesia, President Susilo Yudhoyono extends the suspension of new license issuance on forest management with the Presidential Instruction (Inpres) No.6/2013 on May 2013. As released by the website of the State Secretariat, the Inpres here is to extend Inpres No. 10/2011 on moratorium prior to its expiry on May 20, 2013.
The latest regulation is intended to improve the forest and peatlands management in its bid to reduce emission from deforestation and forest degradation. The suspension of new license issuance for primary forest and peatlands in conservation forest, protection forest and peatlands will be enacted for two years since its issuance (the fifth dictum of Inpres No.6/2013).
President Yudhoyono asserted the suspension of new license is also applicable to the other land use as stipulated by the Indicative Moratorium Map (IMM). The Presidential Instruction here is addressed to the Minister of Forestry, Minister of Home Affairs, Head of the Presidential Delivery Unit for Development Monitoring and Oversight (UKP4), Head of National Land Agency (BPN), Head of National Spatial Planning Coordination Agency (BKPRN), Head of Geospatial Information Agency (BIG), Head of REDD+ Task Force, Governors, and Regents/Mayors.
The second dictum of this regulation reads “The suspension of new license issuance is applicable to the use of primary forest and peatland, with an exemption for the proposals approved principally by the Minister of Forestry; an implementation for vital development such as geothermal, oil and gas, electricity, land for paddy and sugarcane; license extension for forest use and/or the existing license of forest area use; and, ecosystem restoration.”
President Yudhoyono orders the Minister of Forestry to continue the suspension of new forest concession in the area here. The ministry should either continue the improvement of use rent concession policy, and forest product business permit on natural forest.
Minister of Forestry should manage the critical forest effectively while pay attention to a better forest and peatland management policy. This could be done by restoring ecosystem, revising IMM every semester, and imposing IMM for primary forest and peatland in the already revised forest.
Meanwhile, President also commands the Minister of Environment to reduce emission from forest and peatland through business activities as proposed with a better environment license and management as stipulated by the IMM.
In addition, as directed by President, the Minister of Home Affairs should either coach and monitor governors and regents/mayors during the implementation of Inpres No.6/2013. President instructs strictly governors, regents, and mayors to suspend the issuance of new recommendation and location license for forest, peatland, and other land use as required by the IMM.
Head of BPN is ordered to continue the suspension of land rights issuance such as right of tenure, land use rights in the other land use, as required by the IMM. In addition, the head of BIG is also requested to renew forest and peatland map as required by the IMM in forest area and other land use every six month. The renewal here is done through the collaboration of Forestry Minister, BPN Head, Head of REDD+ Task Force or Head of REDD+ Institution assigned for REDD+ special task.
In this light, President calls the Minister of Forestry to report presidential instruction implementation every six month or every time when needed. Meanwhile, the Head of UKP4 and REDD+ Task Force or the would-be REDD+ Institution for REDD+ special task is required to monitor the implementation of Inpres and report to President.
Separately, Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, the Head of UKP4 and REDD+ Task Force, said that the moratorium of new concession issuance for primary forest and peatland has really given momentum for transparence, participation, and innovation. Nearly all parties agree with the moratorium extension. “This is required not only to protect forest and peatland, but also to keep a momentum of collaborative and innovative cooperation among the government officials.” ***